The UN body, UN Joint Human Rights Office (UNJHRO), has published an extensive report on the mass rapes and other human rights violations committed from July 30 to August 2, 2010 in 13 villages in the Kibua-Mpofi axis, Walikale territory, North Kivu, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The report, titled “FINAL REPORT OF THE FACT-FINDING MISSIONS OF THE UNITED NATIONS JOINT HUMAN RIGHTS OFFICE INTO THE MASS RAPES AND OTHER HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS COMMITTED BY A COALITION OF ARMED GROUPS ALONG THE KIBUA-MPOFI AXIS IN WALIKALE TERRITORY, NORTH KIVU, FROM 30 JULY TO 2 AUGUST 2010″ and published on July 6, 2011, documents the alleged crimes which include 116 abductions and 965 houses and shops pillaged and 387 rapes by a coalition of armed groups.
Among the 387 victims of rape, 300 were women, 23 men, 55 girls and 9 boys.
The armed groups cited in the reports are FDLR-FOCA, Nduma Defense of Congo, Mayi-Mayi Sheka and CNDP troops. The report singled out the following people accusing them of the potentially primary responsibility for the crimes: Captain Sérafin Lionso of the FDLR-FOCA, Ntabo Ntaberi Sheka as the Commander in Chief of the Nduma Defense of Congo, the political branch of the Mayi Mayi Sheka, and Lieutenant Colonel Emmanuel Nsengiyumva. All three are accused of the crimes committed by their subordinates during these attacks, in accordance with Article 28 of the Rome Statute.
The report also mentioned another FDLR-FOCA commander, Lieutenant Colonel Evariste Kanzeguhera “Sadiki Soleil,” the commander of the Montana battalion within the FDLR-FOCA which controls several axes in Walikale territory. According to the report, this battalion is divided into companies, the most influential of which in the area attacked is the one commanded by Captain Sérafin Lionso.
However, Lieutenant Colonel Evariste Kanzeguhera is not particularly targeted by the Report for his responsibility for the crimes. In fact, the report mentions on paragraph 20:
“FDLR troops involved in this attack were under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Evariste Kanzeguhera, better known as “Sadiki Soleil” and the commander of the Montana battalion of the FDLR-FOCA, whose respective bases were in Chalingwangwa and Maningwi, near Mutongo, the chef-lieu of the groupement of Ihana. Although they had planned and ordered the attacks along the Kibua-Mpofi axis, Ntabo Ntaberi Sheka, “Sadiki Soleil” and Emmanuel Nsengiyumva remained at their respective bases and did not directly participate in the attacks. Credible sources have indicated that, from May to October 2010, this tripartite coalition carried out attacks on the villages of Biruwe, Mabenga, Osokari, Kilambo, Kailenge, Boboro, Omate, Mubi, and those along the Kibua-Mpofi axis. Some of the attacks, such as the one in Mubi, were directly led by Sheka himself.
The report also notes that: “While emphasizing that the primary responsibility for protecting civilians lies with the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the UNJHRO staff observed the difficulties encountered by the soldiers of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) based in Kibua in their mission to protect civilians, the core element of the MONUSCO mandate”
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