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Negotiate With Armed Opposition Without Precondition, Belgian Foreign Affairs Minister Tells Rwandan Leaders

Congolese Tutsi Refugees in Rwanda in March 2013

Congolese Tutsi Refugees in Rwanda in March 2013

“It is clear that dialogue with all the forces that are often referred to as negative if they do not take up arms, if they agree to talk (…), it is primarily a national priority,  and then in  the strategic interest of the Great Lakes region, “ said  Belgian Foreign Affairs Minister  Didier Reynders said  after his meeting with the Burundian second Vice President Gervais Rufyikiri.

“If an armed group agrees to lay down the arms and renounce armed struggle, then the government should negotiate with that armed group. But laying down arms  should not be a precondition to start negotiations, rather an outcome of the negotiations.

The Belgian Foreign Affairs Minister was implicitly referring to  the proposition by the Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete, reinforced by  Southern African Development Community (SADC) recommendation to the Rwandan dictator General Paul Kagame, to open negotiations with his armed opposition in order to bring peace in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Rwanda and the Great Region of Africa (US Government to Push For Direct Peace Talks Among African Governments and Their Moderate Armed Opposition? of june 18, 2013).

President Jakaya Kikwete made the proposition on May 26, 2013 during a meeting on the situation in the Great Lakes region held in Addis Ababa under the auspices of the African Union (AU) (see our article I will Just Wait For You At the Right Place And I will Hit You, Rwandan General Paul Kagame Threatens Tanzanian Jakaya Kikwete of July 3, 2013).

The Belgian Foreign Affairs Minister  (See our article, New York: DRC Joseph Kabila Shines; Rwandan Paul Kagame’s Star Wanes of September  30, 2012) has been at logs with the Rwandan dictator for a while. In September 2012, the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon organized  a roundtable on the situation on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), where Rwandan government supported M23 rebels have been playing havoc, raping women, mass murdering civilians, and looting (see our article here).  During the meeting the Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs Didier Reynders started piling accusations on the Rwandan government and military.  Seemingly  not amused, General Paul Kagame stormed out of the meeting room  during the speech to the dismay of the diplomatic and political community.

Consequently, it is expected by the latest statements by the Belgian Minister is another cat thrown among the pigeons. Already boiling with anger over the recommendations by the Tanzanian Jakaya Kikwete, the increasingly irrational tyrant General Paul Kagame, his blaring Foreign Affairs Minister Louise Mushikiwabo,  and his Hutu puppet Prime Minister Damien Habumuremyi may have found a new target of their diatribes.

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  • Sam Sekamana July 12, 2013, 6:53 pm

    After reading the statement by the Belgian Foreign Affairs Minister Didier Reynders, I would like to remind my earlier posting: “My Opinion: Kagame will not negotiate “avec” FDLR-FOCA but will do it “with” FDLR-RUD-Urunana (see my posting at the bottom of this e-mail).

    If you read what Reynders said here (http://www.afroamerica.net):
    Negotiate With Armed Opposition Without Precondition, Belgian Foreign Affairs Minister Tells Rwandan Leaders

    You realize that he is saying: :No one is asking you [Kagame] to talk to FDLR-FOCA, those who do not want to disarm, but to FDLR-RUD-Urunana (and I should add RPR-Inkeragutabara), who have shown the willingness to disarm. Which means who did it in Rome- Kisangani- Kasiki process in 2008.
    This can be found in the statement: “If an armed group agrees to lay down the arms and renounce armed struggle, then the government should negotiate with that armed group. But laying down arms should not be a precondition to start negotiations, rather an outcome of the negotiations.”\

    So my friends, I can say now even with more confidence to Louise Mushikiwabo ( so that she may tell our president Paul Kagame), that:
    In English: Kagame will not negotiate “avec” FDLR-FOCA but will do it “with” RUD-Urunana na RPR-Inkeragutabara
    En Français: Kagame ne negociera jamais “with” FDLR-FOCA, mais le fera “avec” RUD-Urunana na RPR-Inkeragutabara

    Mu Kinyarwanda: Kagame ntabwo azigera agirana ibiganiro na FDLR-FOCA, ariko azabigirana na RUD-Urunana na RPR-Inkeragutabara

    Lugha ya Kiswahili: Kagame si kujadili na FDLR-FOCA. Hata hivyo, yeye kukaa katika meza ya majadiliano na kushikilia mazungumzo na RUD-Urunana na RPR-Inkeragutabara.

    Sam Sekamana

    From: Sam Sekamana
    To: “Democracy_Human_Rights@yahoogroupes.fr”
    Sent: Tuesday, 28 May 2013 7:16 PM
    Subject: [Kambanda+Nzinik] My Opinion: Kagame will not negotiate avec FDLR –FOCA but will do it with FDLR-RUD-Urunana

    My Opinion: Kagame will not negotiate avec FDLR –FOCA but will do it with FDLR-RUD-Urunana

    I just read the Analysis of Jakaya Kikwete’s suggestion about FDLR/Rwanda talks by Dr. Charles Kambanda. It is an interesting analysis worth mentioning. Hence, I will give my 5 cents opinion. It is true that FDLR has come to mean “political opposition.” But I do not think that it was what Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete meant. He meant “armed Hutu opposition”, the way he meant “armed opposition” in Uganda and “armed Tutsi opposition” in DRC.
    Now the question is who is the “armed Hutu opposition?
    Before I get to that, I would like to put forward another idea: Jakaya Kikwete did not improvise his statements. It appears he disclosed an long term plan that has been in making for some time. To me, the “armed Hutu opposition” that Jakaya Kikwete has mentioned has been prepared for long time: Paul Kagame knows it, Jakaya Kikwete knows it, and the powerful governments of the World know it.
    Now the next question is how was this armed Hutu opposition prepared?

    Question 1: Who is the armed Hutu opposition?
    It is not the FDLR-FOCA. It could not be. In January 2013, Barack Obama signed a law that put $5 millions on the head of General Mudacumura (dead or alive, I suppose). So, it cannot be General Mudacumura. All the top FDLR-FOCA military leaders are the US and UN list of the sanctions. So it cannot be them. All the political leaders of FDLR-FOCA are in prison, under house arrest, or being prosecuted. So it cannot be FDLR-FOCA. So, who are they, may you ask? And I answer: RUD-Urunana.

    Reasons: no military leader of RUD-Urunana is on any list of sanctions (UN or US). No RUD-Urunana political leader has ever been arrested. They even travel to the bushes in the Congo and come back. Why? Because those are the “good, god fearing, moderate armed Hutu opposition”, as viewed by the UN, the US, Great Britain, France, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and now the Tanzanian President Jayaka Kikwete and soon, I suppose, by South Africa and Angola. Now that you know who the “armed Hutu opposition” are, let us see how they were prepared.

    Question 2: how was the armed Hutu opposition of RUD-Urunana prepared?
    The powerful of the World have a secret (we now know it): when an extremist armed opposition is born, they promote an other moderate armed opposition and they support it. FDLR was viewed as bunch of genocidaire extremists. Then one day, Dr. Felicien Kanyamibwa (FDLR Executive Secretary), Dr. Jean Marie Vianney Higiro (FDLR Vice President), Dr. Augustin Dukuze (FDLR Spokeperson and Information Commissioner) and others (how many doctors by the way) , mostly based in the West and who were not in Rwanda during the 1994 genocide, suddenly said they have left FDLR, are creating RUD-Urunana and allying themselves with RPR-Inkeragutabara composed of Tutsis, within the National Democratic Congress (NDC). At the same time, an unknown FDLR officer, Colonel now General Musare was defecting from FDLR, along with 3,000 men and creating the armed wing of RUD-Urunana, AN-Imbonezagutabara.
    That is classic. That is how a moderate armed opposition is created by the powerful of the World.
    A few months after, National Democratic Congress was negotiating in Rome with the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, negotiations officially mediated by the Norwegian Government and Sant Egidio Community. I stop here.

    But before I finish, I would like to emphasize that Paul Kagame himself knows it and will negotiate with RUD_Urunana. That is perhaps why Louise Mushikiwabo is so confident when she says they will never negotiate with FDLR, meaning FDLR-FOCA of General Mudacumura and Dr. Ignace Murwanashyaka.
    Another proof is the recent statement made by Professor Linda Melvern in verbatim note to the British Parialament as I read on New Times (rumored to belong to Rwandan Intelligence Services): “
    “To try to report the current political reality of Rwanda without mentioning the activities of the Hutu Power movement and its continued presence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), in Europe and in North America, is simply biased reporting.”
    “There is detailed evidence on the RUD‐Urunana recently provided to US investigators including documents on the group’s communication networks and money transfers. The leadership of this group, which is more efficient than that of the FDLR, resides in North America and it has considerable skills a lobbying operations.”
    Rwandan supporters even go further when they addressed the British parliament. This I read on afroamerica network website (under the title of Rwanda: Under International Pressure, General Kagame Increases Budget for External Intelligence), where Professor Phil Clark of the University of London repeated the statements from UN Group of experts on Democratic Republic of the Congo that Dr. Felicien Kanyamibwa is attempting to reunite RUD-Urunana and FDLR-FOCA.
    I may be wrong, but I think that Paul Kagame will negotiate with FDLR, but not the FDLR-FOCA we know, rather the FDLR-RUD-Urunana Jakaya Kikwete and the international community have been thinking about.
    Sam Sekamana.

  • Daniel Mamba July 12, 2013, 5:48 am

    He likes it or not, Paul Kagame is forced to open dialogue with his opposed armed groups and all other opposition parties.
    In the same way, alias Joseph Kabila is obliged to resign and facilitate dialogue among Congolese nationals in order t end the Rwandan kagame led imperialism in DRC.