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Tanzanian Jakaya Kikwete’s Negotiation Proposal: Yoweri Museveni Willing, Joseph Kabila Fighting, and Paul Kagame Still Insulting

Rwandan Young Men Being Rounded Up

Rwandan Young Men Being Rounded Up by Security Forces

“The Government is ready to talk to anybody who has grievances, including the ADF[Allied Democratic Forces]. If there is any genuine political group that wants dialogue, we are ready to do so,  because war is not an option,” Ugandan Minister for Relief, Disaster Preparedness and Refugees, Mr. Hilary Onek told the media in Kampala, Uganda  on Tuesday July 16, 2013.  On Friday, July 19, 2013,  Minister of Defence, Dr Crispus Kiyonga, confirmed Mr Onek’s comments and went further that the Ugandan Government has already agreed to the principle of negotiating with the Ugandan ADF rebels. ADF rebels have recently become a significant  force with close to 2,000 troops operating  Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The  willingness by Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni to negotiate with ADF  falls in line with  the proposition by the Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete on May 26, 2013 (See our article: Talk to Your Armed Opposition, Tanzanian President Kikwete Tells Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, Paul Kagame of Rwanda, and Joseph Kabila of DRC of May 26 2013).

Since the proposition by  President Jakaya Kikwete, President Yoweri Museveni welcomed the idea of negotiations. He did it right away. DRC President Joseph Kabila has resumed negotiations with  and …. engaged into war against his armed M23 rebels.  Rwandan Paul Kagame has belittled and threatened to assassinate Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete (see our article: I will Just Wait For You At the Right Place And I will Hit You, Rwandan General Paul Kagame Threatens Tanzanian Jakaya Kikwete).

Following his proposal, President Jakaya Kikwete has not remained his hands crossed. It appears he has been on the same page with Yoweri Museveni since the start. He has welcomed to his country the most powerful man in the World, US President Barack Obama (see here:  President Obama: armed groups[in Africa] need to lay down their arms, and human rights abusers need to be held accountable of July 2, 2013),  he has sent his troops to fight for Joseph Kabila,  and he has promised to wallop General Kagame like a small boy (see here: You Will Be Whipped Like a Small Boy, Tanzania Government Warns Rwandan Dictator General Kagame of July 13, 2013).

Since May 2013, Jakaya Kikwete has become the most important leader in the Great Lakes Region and the peace broker to reckon with. To see how important the man has become, one may refer to our various articles related his political and diplomatic actions since May 2013,  here .

The situation is now that: Jakaya Kikwete is leading the pace and has the tailwind; Yoweri Museveni has listened;  Joseph Kabila is following; and Paul Kagame is being driven nuts.

How about the rebels themselves, those the governments  are supposed to negotiate with.

ADF rebels, aka ADF/NALU,  have lately been on offensive, driving thousand of Congolese refugees into Uganda. Earlier this month, they seized the towns of Kikingi and Kamango, near the major city of Beni in North Eastern DRC causing a lot damages. The FARDC managed to chase them out  of the towns by July 15, 2013. But they had made their statement.

M23 Congolese rebels are on the run;  this despite the overwhelming support,  from Rwandan Defense Forces Special Forces,  in troops, modern weapons, and  equipments. Also, Rwandan Military and Security forces have been rounding up the youth inside Rwanda and sending them across the border to reinforce the ranks of the rebels, but  to no avail. The Congolese forces FARDC, usually notorious for their lack of military courage and discipline have surprised almost everyone. They chased the M23 rebels from their advanced strong positions in the town of Mutaho, Kanyarucinya, Kibati near he provincial capital Goma and Kinyandonyi and Ngwenda around Rutshuru.

Near Goma, the M23 rebels, rather the RDF special forces,  only control the towns of Kibumba and Buvira, across the border from Rwanda. M23 rebels have lost hundreds of troops killed and hundreds more injured. The situation is so bad for M23 rebels that Rwandan Government had to complain to the United Nations Security Council, against the United Nations, arguing that United Nations Mission in DRC, MONUSCO, is working with Rwandan rebels of FDLR and bombing Rwanda. The once proud Rwandan Defense Forces are on the run from the once looked down FARDC. The FARDC count on one officer  the Rwandan Military leaders never expected: the self style Colonel Mamadou N’Dala Moustafa. In May, Colonel  Mamadou N’Dala Moustafa  threatened to Bring War to Rwanda. Will he do it? (see our May 30, 2013 article: FARDC Commander Colonel Mamadou N’Dala Moustafa Threatens to Bring War All Way to the Source).

Rwandan rebels, namely FDLR-FOCA,  RUD-Uruana and RPR-Inkeragutabara remain emboldened by their recents successes on the Rwandan Defense Forces (RDF) (see our article: Invigorated by Recent Successes Against Rwandan Defense Forces, Rwandan Rebels Close in to Rwandan Border of July 5, 2013). They also feel good following Jakaya Kikwete’s statements.

However, as the United Nations Group of Expert on DRC reported in the leaked June 2013 report, FDLR-FOCA continues to be rocked by internal divisions. According to our sources within FDLR-FOCA, the divisions were aggravated this week, when two FDLR-FOCA executive committee members based in Europe, Djumatatu and Callixte  Mbarushimana, wrote a press release in which they targeted RUD-Urunana (see our article:FDLR-FOCA Spokesperson Mr Laforge Fils Bazeye Does Not Know What He is Talking About of July 17, 2013). They wrote the press release,  added the name of the FDLR-FOCA spokesperson, La Forge  Fils Bazeye, before publishing it and gave interviews to news media. According to AfroAmerica Network sources, La Forge Fils Bazeye explained to FDLR-FOCA military leaders  that he was not informed of the press release by Djumatatu and Callixte Mbarushimana  until the release was published. The press release also claims that General Achille Musenyeri aka Leopold Mujyambere is the FDLR-FOCA commander, instead of General Mudacumura.  The press release has created further tensions within FDLR-FOCA, according to our sources and have raised concerns especially that the June 2013 leaked  UN Experts reports says that:

The Group has not found any evidence that FDLR receives significant financial or other support from abroad. The Group has investigated a diaspora network led by Bernard Twayiramungu, Felicien Barabwiriza, and Jean Bosco Uwihanganye, who have been residing in Germany. In December 2012, German authorities arrested these individuals and charged them on suspicion of belonging to a terrorist organization. The Group continues to investigate FDLR support networks that may be maintained in Europe.”

Despite these tensions, FDLR-FOCA and other Rwandan, Ugandan, and Congolese rebels  appear  positioned to benefit  from the momentum of negotiation  in the Great Lakes region of Africa, momentum launched by Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete..

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Comments on this entry are closed.

  • RWIGEMA Saleh July 28, 2013, 5:55 pm

    Kagame’s days are finished.Enough is enough,DRC needs peace.

  • fred July 23, 2013, 6:07 pm

    what shows that you have greatest country ?that is sentiment brother

  • Victor July 22, 2013, 12:41 pm

    Hei friend , why can you people think like you are not human being.
    What about the hutu kids that You people force to stay in the eastern forest of DRC. Do you think that this the way to guarantee the peace in Rwanda . It does nonsense brothers,Kagame is not going to live for ever and you have to think about the future. Kikwete is a very wise man that is why TZ is a peaceful country. What is the matter with you guys ? Because of that wise advice, you are reacting like you don’t have brains. My friend Gatabazi I am well aware of your fillings but I am afraid that you don’t think like dictators do,because they always end the same way.

  • Gatabazi JMV July 21, 2013, 8:43 pm

    Kagame don’t have any problem with TZ but remember tha he can’t negociate with people who committed Genocide and we Rwandans are suppoting his position. We are surprised to hear people comparing positions of Musveni and Kabila with that of Kagame, the Government of Rwanda don’t have any pressure to negociate, we call upon all innocent Rwandans to come back home and join their family

    • Eduardo August 2, 2013, 2:36 pm

      I am the first Anonymous. My final para above was not serious. I do not think that Kinzer is being pruseerissd although there is a common and wrongheaded idea in the US that if Rwanda is supported by the US then it can only be for colonial ambitions (and there is something in that) and Rwandans are not capable of making their own decisions or resisting interference. Kinzer has lost his way badly. For example, he suggests that Bizimungu and Rusesabagina should be Kagame’s allies and that the “gang of four” should be listened to. Bizimungu spent time running his own businesses and then secretly setting up an ethnicly based political party contrary to the Constitution. Rusesabagina is a former deputy-hotel manager who has been recruited by negative forces outside and now uses his Foundation to try to destabilise Rwanda and frustrate its development. No one has seriously suggested that he has anything positive to contribute to the running of the country. Gahima ran away because he was revealed to be corrupt. One of Kinzer’s errors is to treat such people with a seriousness they do not deserve. If he went to ask the ordinary people on the hills in Rwanda if they want the development gains rolled back so that Nyamwasa and others can “eat” (or if they think they are being ruled by a Tutsi elite) they would reject the idea. Perhaps it is time for Kinzer to go there and properly inform himself about Rwanda. While the sentences given to “the gang of four” are notional – they will never come back to serve them – a sentence of 33 years for a journalist, as proposed by the prosecution, would be wholly disproportionate. Architects of the Genocide have got away with less.

  • samweli mburusi July 20, 2013, 5:01 pm

    We need to force Kagame respect The greatest country Tanzania,