Beyond Ethnic Politics and Fear: Hutu, Tutsi, and Ethnicity in Rwanda

Beyond Ethnic Politics and Fear: Hutu, Tutsi, and Ethnicity in Rwanda
by Felicien Kanyamibwa, PhD., MqBA.

New Jersey, USA, May 19, 2009.


Fifteen years after the small nation of Rwanda experienced one of the worst tragedies of the modern history, the core problems remain unresolved. While most people, including Great Lakes Region experts, humanitarian and human rights organizations, diplomats, intelligence services, and Great Lakes region nationals agree on the social roots of the problems, they disagree on the solutions. The agreement that

Au-delà de la Politique Ethnique et de la Peur: Hutus, Tutsis et l’identité ethnique au Rwanda

Au-delà de la Politique Ethnique et de la Peur: Hutus, Tutsis et l’identité ethnique au Rwanda 
Félicien Kanyamibwa, Ph.D., MqBA.
New Jersey, Etats-Unis d’Amérique, le 19 Mai 2009.


Quinze ans après que la petite nation du Rwanda ait connu l'une des pires tragédies de l'histoire moderne, plusieurs problèmes restent en suspens. Alors que la plupart des gens, y compris des experts de la région des Grands Lacs, les organisations humanitaires et des droits humains, les diplomates, les services de renseignement, et des ressortissants de la région des Grands Lacs s'accordent plus ou moins sur les causes sociales des problèmes, ils sont en désaccord presque total sur les solutions possibles. Un consensus s’est dégagé selon lequel la racine du problème reste la politique ethnique et son utilisation dans tous les rouages du fonctionnement de l’état moderne rwandais.  La politique éthnique a permis à la tragédie de se produire et continue à marquer profondément le paysage politique. Plusieurs propositions visant à résoudre ce conflit ont été avancées. Malheureusement, ces solutions semblent ne pas avoir un objectif clair, spécifique, mesurable, faisable, pragmatique, et planifié.

AroniSmart™ tools's customers, including savvy investors, advanced analytics, data science, and machine learning experts and practitioners, academics, students have given improvement ideas and AroniSmart Team has listened, anticipated, and acted: AroniSmartLytics™ and AroniSmartInvest™ have made advances to inform investment decisions.

"Welcome", is about slavery, repression and human rights abuses. Pratt Institute in Brooklyn. Photo taken on August 21, 2011

On November 13, 2016, I attended a Christian church fellowship in Brooklyn, New York,  at the Brown Memorial Baptist Church. Brown Memorial Baptist Church, that is celebrating 100 year-anniversary of its creation, has played a key role in the American Civil Rights movement. Along with others from major African-American churches, such as the South Carolina Emmanuel African Methodist Episcopal (AME) church (see here), the Church leaders and members rallied, comforted, and gave hope to millions of African-Americans and minorities and served as a pillar of strength to lean on during trying times.

Mob of South Africans Targeting African Migrants

Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini,  addressing a recent gathering of his subjects, said, according to the media,  that "foreigners should pack their bags and go"  because they are taking jobs from South African citizens. Immediately, mobs of unemployed South Africans, mostly young men, took to the streets and started attacking African migrants in the port city of Durban.

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